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高中英语完形填空满分72字顺口溜(附例题解析) 早看早获益!
2019-09-27 22:18:48

今日学习哥给你们一篇满满的干货,完型填空解析打破立异满分好办法,内容稍长,咱们必定要结合文中的示例渐渐看,相信你吃透了这篇文章,完形填空必定会有大前进!

一. 完形填空传统教学办法的误区

咱们都知道全国标准化高考英语完形填空源于大学完形试题,是命题人成心刁难考生设下的重重圈套试题之一,满分30分。共20小题,每一组选项四个当选答案,首要查询动词,名词,形容词,副词,介词,连词,每组选项的词性相同,每组四个选项乃至至少两个词义附近。每小题1.5分,去掉听力30分,在120分的书面考试中,完形填空占有了,四分之一的分值。其意图当然是为了契合“高考是选拔性考试”这一底子方针,所以成心规划穿插圈套,让高生在此题拉开档次,以便选拔英语人才,也就无可厚非了。可是在传统教学办法中 ,绝大多数教师采纳的高中英语完形填空满分72字顺口溜(附例题解析) 早看早获益!办法都是:

1. 先看答案,然后边翻译,边看每一个选项,给学生一个一个讲为何挑选答案的原因,成果是:实践考试中这种办法消耗时刻,得出正确答案的精确率十分低。因为咱们发现许多教师也陷入了在每四个当选答案中,有两个及其相似的答案无法选出正确的一个。

2. 名校学生与名校教师讲堂引起争议,乃至老师莫衷一是,无法解说正确答案。

3. 学生苦练刷题,意图进步完形解析才能,成果是:简略完形对一串;难题完形一错错一串,损伤自负后,抛弃完形,最终只能考场依托命运得分。

高中英语完形填空满分72字顺口溜(附例题解析) 早看早获益!
高中英语完形填空满分72字顺口溜(附例题解析) 早看早获益!

咱们看看完形填空鼓舞振作学生之菜鸟根底篇:

Christmas was near. A lady, a friend of the lady and a little girl were shopping in a large shopping center.

After a tiring morning of gift buying, the three 41to get a bite. They went to42in the center. They were 43 when a skinny and dirty boy came up and said to the lady,” Madam, I am hungry. Could you44 some coins for food? “Without a moment of45,the lady reached into her purse, took out a handful of coins and46 them in the boy’s hand. This47 didn’t take the little girl by surprise because she was 48to the lady’s acts of kindness, but the friend of the lady considered her foolish. “How can you be so 49?” she said.

Once they were seated, the fiend of the lady50telling the lady how she still considered her foolish. Then her criticism was 51by the same boy. He asked 52if the lady could give him a little more for a coke.

With a smile on her face, the lady got out of her seat, and53the boy to the food counter. There she 54him a large coke and some tasty food. Years later, this 55is still fresh in the little girl’s mind.

I’m that little girl. I don’t give 56children money when they ask for some. 57,I walked to the closest food place and buy them the whole meal. I’m afraid I don’t give them enough money for a coke and they might not have the 58to come back for more. These children should59those meals to a lady once considered foolish. I’m 60to call that lady “Mom”.

41 . A demanded B decided

C. managed D. promised

42. A. bank B. garage

C. bookshop D. cafeteria

43. A. turning up B. queuing up

C. breaking up D. joining up

44. A. spare B. lend

C. pass D. award

45. A. regret B. discomfort

C. disagreement D. hesitation

46. A. placed B. threw

C. counted D. pressed

47. A. gesture B. experience

C. action D. motivation

48. A. equal B. used

C. familiar D. devoted

49. A. reliable B. independent

C. peaceful D. trusting

50. A. continued B. admitted

C. delayed D. mentioned

51. A. resisted B. interrupted

C. ignored D. forbidden

52. A. patiently B. painfully

C. shyly D. wisely

53. A. accompanied B. sent

C. attracted D. dragged高中英语完形填空满分72字顺口溜(附例题解析) 早看早获益!

54. A. made B. left

C. bought D. gave

55. A. view B. outline

C. impression D. scene

56. A. sad B. needy

C. brave D. honest

57. A. Besides B. However

C. Therefore D. Instead

58. A. pressure B. right

C. courage D. truth

59. A. owe B. show

C. return D. tend

60. A. eager B. willing

C. proud D. curious

这一篇完形是十分简略的,同学们能够对一大串,用传统思路解析很顺利,可是教师和同学们依然呈现纠结的答案,例如:4952小题其间,49终究用reliable,仍是trusting?52终究用shyly,仍是patiently?他们都是近义词,49两个词是能够依托的,不过词法根底好,逻辑明晰的学生就能够做对了,选trusting52就欠好办了,咱们争辩起来,最终仍是依托后边文段中的courage,选出52应该是shyly。可是也耽误了考试时刻,那逻辑根底欠好的呢?成果可想而知了。假设咱们用解完形填空立异好办法72字真经,这几个菜鸟试题,简直不看选项就直接得出:49trusting 52 shyly。

为了证明咱们为咱们贡献立异完形解析办法的紧迫性,必定性,实效性,咱们先看看高考真题的完形运用传统完形解析办法的损害成果又是什么样的呢

The question of whether war is inevitable is one which has concerned many of the world’s great writers. Before 36 this question, it will be useful to introduce some 37 concepts. Conflict,38 as opposition among social units or individuals directed against one another, is 39 from competition, which 40 opposition among social units 41 seeking to obtain something which is 42 inadequate supply. Competitors may not know about one another, while those who 43 in a conflict do. Conflict and competition are both 44 of opposition. The meaning of opposition has been stated as a process by which social units function in the disservice of one another, opposition is 45 contrasted to cooperation, a 46 by which social units function in the service of one another. These 47 are necessary because it is important to emphasize that competition between individuals or groups is inevitable in a world of limited 48 , but conflict isn’t . Conflict, nevertheless, is very likely to occur and is probably an essential and desirable 49 of human societies.

Many authors have50 their arguments that war cannot be avoided on the idea that in the struggle for existence among groups of animals, only those which are best51remain alive. In general, however, this struggle in nature is competition, not conflict. Those who fail in this competition52 starve to death or are53 by other types of animals. This struggle for54 is not similar to human war, but is like the competition of55 for jobs, markets, and materials. The most important quality of this struggle is the competition for the necessities of life that are not enough to satisfy all.

用传统的边翻译、边看每一个选项的剖析办法的成果是:第一组选项就遇到了瓶颈。根底欠好的学生直接挑选了answering,根底好的学生就会纠结于answering,considering这两个答案终究选什么?在一次实践查询剖析中,我发现用此篇完形查询经验丰富的教师,查询成果是:百分之70 的教师也纠结了!教师都纠结了,学生怎么办?教师们解析时分看着答案,成果相似的纠结还体现在38,39,40,41,43,44,45,46,47,49,54,教师们争辩不休,无法合了解说答案的精确得出,那让咱们学生怎么办?很明显被广泛运用的传统完形解析办法,在高考真题面前遍体鳞伤,落花流水。

那么完形填空的解析立异好办法怎么精确处理这样的高考真题,力求得到高分,满分呢?

完形填空解析顺口溜72字好办法

阅览统属,宗旨清楚;选项不瞩,内涵联铺;上下百度,逻辑上浮;瞻前后顾,逻法审度;生词重复,构词归属;合理得出,前后围堵;答案自出,避实就熟;跳空添补,审阅为主;通盘顺路,查缺漏堵!

一. 阅览统属, 宗旨清楚

咱们有句俗话是“只见树木,不见森林”这也是咱们做完型填空是很简略犯的过错。众所周知,完型填空是一篇内容完好,情感丰满,逻辑顺利,上下贯穿,天衣无缝的文章,因而,当咱们拿到一篇完型阅览时,有必要先要通读全文,不要着急看选项。不只需从内容上大约了解文章所云何事,也要从全体上把握文章所要表达的情感情绪和观念,更要从结构上剖析并搞清楚文章上下文之间的全体 的逻辑联络,这样就能够从战略高度仰望全篇,做到心中有数(术),从容应对。也便是说,咱们必定要先做到“心有大局,捉住中心思想,只见森林”,不看孤立树木。例如高考上述真题,阅览统属,宗旨清楚,开篇宗旨:The question of whether war is inevitable is one which has concerned many of the world’s great writers.

完形填空是一篇完好的阅览文章,当然契合阅览文章的宗旨显现的五大规则:总分总,分总分,分分总,总分分,分分分。其间总便是中心思想。除了分分分,是简略的阅览,其他四种咱们剖析发现:中心思想的找寻咱们根本确认文章的首尾最初。因而剖析这篇真题完形,咱们不难看出中心思想就在最初这句话。结束阶段进一步解说提高最初的这句中心思想。归于总分总的阅览文章规则。把握了中心思想,全部剖析就有了瓜熟蒂落,精确而顺利的思路(阅览统属, 宗旨清楚)。

二. 选项不瞩,内涵联铺

语篇当然指整篇文章的完好性。切忌上来就一句一句的读文章,一空一空的看选项,这是做完型之大忌。记住必定要通读全文(先究森林,后研树木)!进行完第一个环节之后,咱们对文章的全体内容,所表达的观念情绪和逻辑联络就有了一个全体的把握和把控,这便是所说的语篇阅览。接下来便是句,句是指横线地点的完好语句。在胸有大局即把握了文章全体语境和逻辑联络的前提下,仔细阅览选项地点的完好的语句(这也是一个微语境),对句意有一个完好的了解后,再去看选项地点的那一行,(再会树木),这样经过由大到小、由外到内,有微观到微观的归纳考量之后才或许做出一个正确的挑选。

例如:

Before 36 this question, it will be useful to introduce some 37 concepts.Conflict,38 as opposition among social units or individuals directed against one another, is 39 fromcompetition, which 40 oppositionamong social units 41 seeking to obtain something which is 42 inadequate supply. Competitors may not know about one another, while those who 43 in a conflict do. Conflict and competition are both 44 of opposition.

即便咱们不看选项(选项不瞩),咱们发现,经过句与句的内涵逻辑联络,这一段是在给咱们介绍三个概念Conflictcompetition,competition之间的内涵联络,即:opposition=Conflict+competition*具体办法:在研读句与句的内涵联铺(句与句内涵逻辑联络铺开思索,)留意前后照应,语意相关!那么,咱们就理出来一个简略的逻辑剖析知识:处理问题的根本是:假设一个问题是用一个文段表述:该文段包含语句,语句由概念组成。便是调集问题等于子集语句,元素概念的整合。咱们应该遵从:在研讨弄了解问题之前,先搞清问题中的元素--概念!然后依据了解了问题的元素概念后,在了解问题子集语句,了解语句之后,再整体把握文段问题的宗旨,最终再处理答复调集问题。----这便是处理问题的逻辑知识思路。所以咱们应该先看37后边的意思是:介绍三个概念,当然就应该是在考虑研讨问题之前,咱们先看看概念这样一个逻辑思路!因而37不必先看选项也能得出选considering,不是选answering这一个知识性过错。

三. 上下百度,逻辑上浮

因为完型填空文章的内容和逻辑的连贯性和完好性,常常会呈现上下文词汇之间的语意相关。即上文中有些不能确认的选项或许会鄙人文中呈现,或下文中不能确认的选项在上文中现已呈现过。在咱们平常的完型操练中这种命题办法并不罕见。有的或许是原词再现,有的或许是同词根的词呈现,还有或许呈现的是近义词,近义词。不管什么以方式呈现,这往往便是咱们要的答案。只需咱们能够上下百度,逻辑上浮,仔细应对,就必定会找到正确答案的。

例如:

Conflict,38 as opposition among social units or individuals directed against one another, is 39 from competition, which 40 opposition among social units 41 seeking to obtain something which is 42 inadequate supply.

已然咱们现已知道这一段是讲概念的解说:那么咱们经过上下百度语句,留意不要看选项,避免掉入命题人设下的圈套。咱们发现:这儿说的是抵触,是一种在社会团体或许个别之间被引导着互相对立的对立!可是竞赛是社会团体寻求战友匮乏供应的另一种对立。经过上下百度句与句内涵联络,咱们不能看出其间的逻辑联络开端明亮,意思开端明晰出水,本相上浮。不难看出查询39,40的两个动词应该是下定义的意思。这个时分便是你看选项的时分,直接去找下定义的动词意义,不难得出正确答案便是:39defined(下定义)40means(意思是),这样的选项不只精确,也绕开了命题人的圈套,节省了不必要的时刻糟蹋,到达锋芒毕露,秒杀答案的美妙作用。

四. 瞻前后顾,逻、法审度

Conflict,38 as opposition among social units or individuals directed against one another, is 39 from competition, which 40 opposition among social units 41 seeking to obtain something which is 42 inadequate supply.

已然咱们现已清楚了38,40的答案,了解了抵触,竞赛的概念,当然就能够经过瞻前后顾,逻(辑)、(语)法审度得出39 肯定是两个概念不相同的意思,选出distinguished不就呼之欲出了么,42 依据词法短语in…supply,选出in很简略。再瞻前后顾,依据逻辑知识推理,已然社会供应匮乏,咱们竞赛的意图不是同享,而是单独占有,才是竞赛啊!所以41不便是independently么?

五. 生词重复,构词归属

inadequate supply. Competitors may not know about one another, while those who 43 in a conflict do. Conflict and competition are both 44 of opposition.生词呈现有时分不必定可怕,生词或许便是构词法(派生=前缀+后缀;组成,拼缀,转化,)的规则重组,例如学生不认识inadequate,可是这是构词法中派生用法的前缀法构词in+aduquate,in是反义词,知道adequate足够的当然就知道inadequate是不足够;匮乏的。同理,知道了oppose动词对立对立,当然知道生词opposition是名词对立,对立。佟丽丽,知道了compete动词竞赛,当然它的后缀法规则competition, competitors不是生词,即便忘记了,也能推理出来一个是竞赛名词,一个是竞赛者。其他生词了解也能够照单抓药。

六. 合理得出,前后围堵;答案自出,避实就熟

Conflict,38 as opposition among social units or individuals directed against one another, is 39 from competition, which 40 opposition among social units 41 seeking to obtain something which is 42 inadequate supply. 在剖析这段文段时分,咱们的好办法思路便是先运用逻辑,语法,词法,语篇剖析,合理得出38,40,42,最终前后围堵41,运用军事知识:围点打援的办法,即:先避实就熟(38,40,2)孤立了难点41,最终依据一切已知的意思,推理不知道41,差异的distinguished这个答案不也就真相大白,答案自出了么?

七. 跳空添补,审阅为主;通盘顺路,查缺漏堵!

例如:

The meaning of opposition has been stated as a process by which social units function in the disservice of one another, opposition is 45 contrasted to cooperation, a 46 by which social units function in the service of one another.

45空,能够跳空,先看46,46与前面的a process by which social units function in the disservice of one another 简直结构相同,归于写作五大黄金满分修辞里边的parallel(平行结构),46答案是process,再依据上下日本漫画无翼鸟百度,前段的抵触conflict,与竞赛competition的本质差异描绘,以及文章上文概念差异描绘的审阅,还有语法逻辑联络,得出了:45空便是:因而,对立中,竞赛与抵触是对立的对立统一,当然45答案便是thus这一定论。

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